WARNING: Graphic Content

Intimate Partner Violence (IPV) And Brain Injuries

[National Domestic Violence Hotline 1-800-799-SAFE(7233)]


Our immediate thoughts are on the military and football players when brain injury is the topic of discussion. These injuries can become life changing for the patient, and heart wrenching for loved ones who see an unfavorable difference in personality and disposition.

Those who suffer from Intimate Partner Violence (usually women), are individuals who also deserve recognition for brain injuries because they, too, experience debilitating cognitive issues. Many from this community lack awareness that they even have brain injuries, and could have experienced several over the duration of the abusive relationship from their partner.


Domestic violence increased tremendously because of the COVID-19 Pandemic lockdowns (Ballard, 2022) and (George, Wesley, & Geraghty, 2021).

“There are households where the pandemic has become a reason why family members finally interact with each other. In some cases, this helps to enhance the quality of relationships within a family. However, in families where there are abusive patterns, the home confinement and social isolation can be very dangerous to the victims” (George, Wesley, & Geraghty, 2021).


Ballard (2022) mentions a conference that was held earlier this year: Seeking Tomorrow’s Answers Together [STAT]. One of the topics was how COVID-19 affected mental health.

Lockdowns were detrimental for people in abusive relationships!

These are people who were literally held hostage by their abusers because the abusers had unlimited access to their victims.

Thus, lockdowns created a more dangerous existence for people who may have been already living with IPV.


Intimate partners, the medical community, safety forces, the various legal institutions, and society in general, all need to recognize that brain injuries due to the IPV epidemic is prevalent. Then, they can become aware of behaviors [symptomology] that are associated with those subjected to IPV (Costello & Greenwald, 2022), (Hillstrom, 2022), (Sutherland & Chakrabarti, 2022), and (Valera, 2022).

This knowledge can help remove misconceptions about these individuals, especially when they are confronted with life-and-death situations independent of their abusers.



Ballard, J. (2022). From Pandemic To Endemic: Relationship Violence Due To COVID. Retrieved From https://www.du.edu/news/pandemic-endemic-relationship-violence-due-covid

Costello, K., & Greenwald, B. D. (2022). Update On Domestic Violence And Traumatic Brain Injury: A Narrative Review. Retrieved From https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/35053865/

George, E. S., Wesley, M. S., & Geraghty, L. (Eds.). (2021). Cultural Studies. Marital Stress And Domestic Violence During The COVID-19 Pandemic. Retrieved From https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/23311983.2021.1992085

Hillstrom, C. (2022). The Hidden Epidemic Of Brain Injuries From Domestic Violence. Retrieved From https://www.nytimes.com/2022/03/01/magazine/brain-trauma-domestic-violence.html

National Domestic Violence Hotline. (2022). Here For You. Retrieved From https://www.thehotline.org/

Sutherland, P., & Chakrabarti, M. (2022). An ‘Invisible Epidemic’: Survivors Of Domestic Violence On Living With Traumatic Brain Injury. Retrieved From https://www.wbur.org/onpoint/2022/01/20/survivors-of-domestic-violence-on-living-with-traumatic-brain-injury

Valera, E., PhD. (2022). Women’s Health. Intimate Partner Violence And Traumatic Brain Injury: An Invisible Public Health Epidemic. Retrieved From https://www.health.harvard.edu/blog/intimate-partner-violence-and-traumatic-brain-injury-an-invisible-public-health-epidemic-201812132708#:~:text=Intimate%20partner%20violence%20and%20traumatic%20brain%20injury%3A%20An%20invisible%20public%20health%20epidemic,-March%2017%2C%202022&text=While%20studying%20brain%20injuries%20in,consistent%20with%20possibly%20experiencing%20concussions.

Hypothesis: Do Psychotropics In Treating Schizophrenia Pose A Risk In A Delayed Auditory Processing?

Spelling it out:

It’s a known fact that many people (not all!) with schizophrenia experience auditory hallucinations. Conversely, individuals on these prescribed medications in treating schizophrenia can suffer from a decline in cognition (i.e., slurred speech, reduction in thought processing, slowed gait).

It has to be emphasized these particular above-mentioned cognitive processes were healthy before medications were administered.

Thus, there is a potential argument which can suggest that a patient using medicine to treat schizophrenia may experience a side effect involving their hearing.

Research is necessary to ascertain just how devastating this health issue can become for current patients, new patients, and patients in the future, all diagnosed with schizophrenia.


The Stroop Effect

[VIDEO: The Stroop Effect Explained] (MindfulThinks (b), 2017)

The Stroop Effect Explained – YouTube

[VIDEO: How Fast Is Your Brain? The Stroop Test] (MindfulThinks (a), 2017)

How Fast Is Your Brain? The Stroop Test – YouTube

You can find Stroop Effect tests on your electronic devices in the Play Store.



MindfulThinks (a). (2017, April 11). How Fast Is Your Brain? The Stroop Test. [Video]. YouTube. How Fast Is Your Brain? The Stroop Test – YouTube

MindfulThinks (b). (2017, April 11). The Stroop Effect Explained. [Video]. YouTube. The Stroop Effect Explained – YouTube

Military And Law Enforcement Personnel (Brain Health): Are These Communities At Risk For Experiencing Occupational Health Hazards?

Walter Reed Army Institute Of Research (2021, May 4) provides information about this topic at, “Chronic exposure to low levels of blast may be associated with neurotrauma: Exposure during occupational training is linked to biomarkers of brain damage — ScienceDaily.”



Walter Reed Army Institute Of Research. (2021, May 4). Chronic Exposure To Low Levels Of Blast May Be Associated With Neurotrauma: Exposure During Occupational Training Is Linked To Biomarkers Of Brain Damage. ScienceDaily. Retrieved May 7, 2021 from http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2021/05/210504112644.htm

WARNING: A Delicate Subject: Mild Cognitive Impairment, Dementia – Is There A Suicide Risk After Diagnosis?

The results are stunning and tragic in, “Risk Of Suicide Attempt In Patients With Recent Diagnosis Of Mild Cognitive Impairment Or Dementia” (Jama Psychiatry, 2021).




Jama Psychiatry. (2021, March 24). Risk Of Suicide Attempt In Patients With Recent Diagnosis Of Mild Cognitive Impairment Or Dementia. Jama Psychiatry. Retrieved March 24, 2021 From doi:10.1001/jamapsychiatry.2021.0150


Another Good Reason To Eliminate Bad Stress Levels Before They Manifest Into Situation Requiring Psychiatric Visits

“Alzheimer’s May Start Sooner For People With Anxiety, Depression History”.





George, J. (2021).  Alzheimer’s May Start Sooner For People With Anxiety, Depression History.  Retrieved From Alzheimer’s May Start Sooner for People With Anxiety, Depression History | MedPage Today



COVID-19, The Brain, Cognitive Impairment


Is there a direct link to cognitive issues and COVID-19?  “COVID-19’s Effects On The Brain” (Zimmer, 2021) investigates what numerous patients are dealing with.





Zimmer, K. (2021).  COVID-19’s Effects On The Brain. Retrieved From

COVID-19’s Effects on the Brain | The Scientist Magazine® (the-scientist.com)


Potential Health Benefits From Regular Fish Consumption



Lane (2019) talked about the numerous health issues that can decrease with a routine menu of fish, in the article:  “When You Eat Fish Every Day, This Is What Happens To Your Body”.






Lane, K. (2019).  When You Eat Fish Everyday, This Is What Happens To Your Body.  Retrieved From https://www.thelist.com/179800/when-you-eat-fish-every-day-this-is-what-happens-to-your-body/



Fun, Mental Speed Exam, Cognition

The following self-test allow participants to learn how rapidly they “…can process information and make decisions based upon that information” (Psychology Today, 2018):


Mental Speed Test – Version 1





Psychology Today (2018). Mental Speed Test – Version 1. Retrieved from https://www.psychologytoday.com/us/tests/iq/mental-speed-test-version-1


Healthy and Unhealthy Gut Bacteria

Since the January 10, 2014 posting, Psych Central: “Antibodies in GI Tract Linked to Greater Risk for Bipolar Illness”, research on gut bacteria has increased exponentially regarding how good bacteria plays a positive role for the mind and body, and in particular cognitive difficulties that can manifest from unhealthy bacteria.  The following are links for additional literature concerning both kinds of bacteria:


Microbes Help Produce Serotonin in Gut (California Institute of Technology (Caltech.edu), April 9, 2015)

Immune system uses gut bacteria to control glucose metabolism (Science Daily, November 14, 2016)

Gut microbiome contributes to Parkinson’s, study suggests (MedicalNewsToday.com, December 2, 2016)

Likely Connection Between Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder and the Gut Microbiome (Psychiatry Advisor, May 17, 2016)

The Gastrointestinal Tract Microbiome and Potential Link to Alzheimer’s Disease (US National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health – Frontiers in Neurology, April 4, 2014)

The tantalizing links between gut microbes and the brain (Nature, International Weekly Journal of Science, October 16, 2015)


The following resource is a brief presentation by Dr. Samuel Hunter:

[VIDEO] “Gut Bacteria and Multiple Sclerosis”