A person with two competing thoughts that cause psychological distress is an informal definition of cognitive dissonance.
The more formal definition, per Sarkis (2017) is: “Cognitive dissonance is the feeling that something is not sitting right with you”, and “…having contradictory beliefs.”
Cognitive Dissonance. When You Are Confronted With Opposing Information, Your Brain Resists (Sarkis, 2017) has advice in combating that emotional discomfort that can create anxiety.
Sarkis, S. A., Ph.D. (2017). Cognitive Dissonance. When You Are Confronted With Opposing Information, Your Brain Resists. Retrieved From https://www.psychologytoday.com/us/blog/here-there-and-everywhere/201709/cognitive-dissonance
Individuals with Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD) have wild mood swings, short-term intense depression and anxiety, engage in risky behaviors (i.e., sexual practices, driving habits, gambling, illegal drug use), and self-injury. They do not have a sense of themselves, and have a fear of being alone. The individual with BPD has relationship difficulties because they antagonize people they once held in high regard. Because they view issues as either positive or negative, they cannot find the middle ground where appropriate. They exhibit anger management problems and can become violent.
Causes of BPD:
- Abandonment in childhood (genuine or imagined)
- Brain Abnormalities (i.e., emotion regulation, aggression)
- Chemical Imbalance (i.e., serotonin)
- Child Abuse
Additional problems resulting from BPD:
- Anxiety Disorders
- Bipolar Disorder
- Confrontations with Law Enforcement
- Eating Disorders
- Excessive Debt
- Illegal Substance Abuse Addiction
- Sexually-Transmitted Diseases
- Unexpected Pregnancies
Psychotherapy and drug therapy* are treatments for BPD.
*When absolutely necessary.