Complex Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (C-PTSD)

In the following videos, Dr. Sonya Bruner discussed the differences between post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and complex post traumatic stress disorder (C-PTSD), how the latter can be misdiagnosed for a separate mental health issue, symptoms associated with C-PTSD, and other important characteristics involving therapy for C-PTSD (BetterHelp, 2018):

[VIDEO:  What Is C-PTSD? (Complex Post Traumatic Stress Disorder)]


[VIDEO:  C- PTSD Explained – Common Traits, Triggers & Treatment Options | BetterHelp]






BetterHelp. (2018). What Is C- PTSD? (Complex Post Traumatic  Stress Disorder).


BetterHelp. (2018). C- PTSD Explained – Common Traits, Triggers & Treatment Options.



Borderline Personality Disorder

Individuals with Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD) have wild mood swings, short-term intense depression and anxiety, engage in risky behaviors (i.e., sexual practices, driving habits, gambling, illegal drug use), and self-injury.  They do not have a sense of themselves, and have a fear of being alone.  The individual with BPD has relationship difficulties because they antagonize people they once held in high regard.  Because they view issues as either positive or negative, they cannot find the middle ground where appropriate.  They exhibit anger management problems and can become violent.

Causes of BPD:

  • Abandonment in childhood (genuine or imagined)
  • Brain Abnormalities (i.e., emotion regulation, aggression)
  • Chemical Imbalance (i.e., serotonin)
  • Child Abuse
  • Genetics

Additional problems resulting from BPD:

  • Alcoholism
  • Anxiety Disorders
  • Bipolar Disorder
  • Confrontations with Law Enforcement
  • Eating Disorders
  • Excessive Debt
  • Illegal Substance Abuse Addiction
  • Sexually-Transmitted Diseases
  • Unexpected Pregnancies

Psychotherapy and drug therapy* are treatments for BPD.

*When absolutely necessary.